Functional and ultrastructural changes in pseudomonas aeruginosa and staphylococcus aureus cells induced by cinnamomum verum essential oil

Functional and ultrastructural changes in pseudomonas aeruginosa and staphylococcus aureus cells induced by cinnamomum verum essential oil

Microbial spoilage is the most common cause of food deterioration. Thus, one of the major concerns of the food industry is the control of spoilage and pathogenic organisms. Therefore, a broad range of chemicals that inhibit microbial growth are added to food during manufacture to extend shelf-life and ensure food safety and quality. However, although the effectiveness of traditional preservatives is recognized, their safety has been questioned (Türkoglu 2007).

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DOORGAAN MET LEZEN

Antimicrobial activities of commercial essential oils and their components against food-borne pathogens and food spoilage bacteria

Pathogenic and food spoilage bacteria have been considered as the primary causes of food-borne diseases and food quality deterioration in both developed and developing countries. In order to assure the food safety and to extend the shelf life of food products, additions of chemical preservative agents into food products or decontamination treatments via physical, chemical or biological process or their combinations have been widely applied in food industries (Brul and Coote 1999; Gould 2000). However, critical concerns have been raised due to limitations of treatment processes and since survival of environment-adapted bacteria after treatment processes may lead to high resistance of bacteria such as pathogenic Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and some Salmonella serovars (Whitney et al. 2007; Hugas and Tsigarida 2008; Rajkovic et al. 2009). Télécharger l'étude complète

Antigenotoxic effects of three essential oils in diploid yeast (saccaromyces cerevisias) after treatments with UVC radiation

Essential oils (EOs) extracted from medicinal plants such as Origanum compactum, Artemisia herba alba and Cinnamomum camphora are known for their beneficial effects in humans. The present study was undertaken to investigate their possible antigenotoxic effects in an eukaryotic cell system, the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The EOs alone showed some cytotoxicity and cytoplasmic petite mutations, i.e. mitochondrial damage, but they were unable to induce nuclear genetic events. In combination with exposures to nuclear mutagens such as 254-nm UVC radiation, 8-methoxypsoralen (8-MOP) plus UVA radiation and methylmethane sulfonate (MMS), treatments with these EOs produced a striking increase in the amount of cytoplasmic petite mutations but caused a significant reduction in revertants and mitotic gene convertants induced among survivors of the diploid tester strain D7. Télécharger l'étude complète